current procedures for liberalisation of the markets are ruled by
the gradual elimination of tariff barriers. In this sense, the considerations
related to non-tariff barriers, including technical barriers, gain
importance in the analysis on the advantages of promoting foreign
trade. Technical barriers, as established on World Trade Organisation,
are trade barriers derived from the use of rules or technical regulations
which are non-transparent or not based on international standards,
or even deriving from adoption of non-transparent procedures of
conformity assessment, as well as inspections more restrictive than
necessary to fulfil a legitimate objective.
Recognising the importance of
technical barriers for foreign trade, an specific agreement was
signed during the Tokyo Round (1973-1979). However, a new agreement
entered into force in 1995, due to World Trade Organisation establishment,
the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). Inmetro
was designated as the Brazilian Enquiry Point for TBT Agreement.
In Brazil, Inmetro is known as the "Focal Point for Technical
Barriers to Trade", a vital source of information for entrepreneurs
who wish to be aware of technical requirements which must be accomplished
in order to avoid obstacles if they are planning to export.
the Brazilian TBT/WTO Enquiry Point
Mutual Recognition Agreements
Mercosul and the Technical